Human Rights Watch interviewed 17 people who had undergone conversion therapy between 20 (see Chart I: Details of the 17 Interviewees and Geographic Information).
The interviewees included 14 gay men, two lesbians and two transgender women.
The names and identifying details of those with whom we spoke have been withheld to protect them from government reprisal.
They should prohibit the forced admission of individuals without mental disease or disorder into psychiatric facilities, and establish disciplinary and accountability mechanisms to address abusive and unethical medical and psychiatric practices.Public and private health facilities should not be permitted to provide treatments that are ineffective, unethical, and harmful, including conversion therapy.While the Chinese Psychological Society has issued professional guideline that prohibit discrimination due to sexual orientation during psychology counseling practice, professional associations have not prevented medical practitioners from conducting conversion therapy.Other than two known successful lawsuits, in which a gay man sued for forced conversion therapy and another for false advertising, those who conduct conversion therapy have not been scrutinized or held accountable by professional associations or the law.The psychiatrist told my mom: ‘Homosexuality is just like all the other mental diseases, like depression, anxiety, or bipolar. Trust me, leave him here, he is in good hands.’ — Wen Qi (pseudonym), March 16, 2017 Homosexuality is neither a crime nor officially regarded as an illness in China.
For decades, the legal status of consensual same-sex activity between men was ambiguous, but that was cleared up in the revised criminal code of 1997.
As homosexuality is not an illness, there is no need for a cure.
This report is based on interviews conducted between September 2016 and April 2017.
In 2001, the Chinese Society of Psychiatry removed homosexuality from its list of mental disorders.
This is consistent with the consensus of global medical associations that homosexuality is not a medical condition.
It is based on interviews with 17 individuals who underwent conversion therapy under intense family and social pressure, as well as parents and rights activists.