These works and relationships went on to fuel movements for racial equality, which coincided with second-wave feminism in the 60’s.
And despite the economic decline in the 30’s and WWII, ideals like sexual freedom and independence from men proved to be long-lasting in the movement for women’s liberation, as did women’s economic power.
Although flappers were bonafide party girls, they also advanced women’s rights by breaking social norms in other areas of life.
Meanwhile, the second wave is defined as beginning in the 1960’s, when nobody burned bras but a bunch of people started rumors that feminists were burning bras and thus, the world changed. The nearly half a century that passed between the first and second waves of feminism was a period of great transition for what hadn’t even yet been named the “feminist movement.” But whereas the second and third waves, for the most part, melted into each other – with a “women’s liberation movement” in the ’60s paving the way for today’s social justice universe – the first and second were divided by revolutionary changes in American society. Some implicitly or explicitly advanced and endorsed racist policies and social ideas.Others still perpetuated problematic ideas about class and capital. And they damn well weren’t like their second-wave counterparts, either.Some were external: America changed, other social justice movements mounted, and attitudes and ideas impacted how women proceeded in the fight for equal rights.The following feminist milestones changed the movement forever, and in the process paved the way for a more radical, inclusive, and far-reaching women’s movement.and other various forms of entertainment and social engagement that, until the 1920’s, were inconceivable for women.
It was the end of an era of victorian morality, and many women were ready to throw on some heels, turn up the jazz, and go out on the town.
People were finally ready to throw caution to the wind, spend to their last dime, and embrace frivolity.
Flappers, in this way, are long-lasting icons of the entire period.
Nonetheless, Paul pushed on in her challenge for constitutionally guaranteed equality, fighting state-by-state as well as in Congress to ratify the amendment and, later, pass local versions of it where she could.
The ERA was introduced in every Congress between 19, but either never left committee or failed to pass.
(I’ve listed them, as accurately as possible, in chronological order.) Alice Paul was a suffrage crusader, to say the least.