“Together this body of work stands as one of the great biological achievements of the 20th century.” (10-9-13) 295.Brain Scans Begin to Show How the Mind Works ”Consider the biology of depression.
Third, psychotherapy is a biological treatment, a brain therapy.It produces lasting, detectable physical changes in our brain, much as learning does.All of these regions can be disturbed in depressive illnesses.In a recent study of people with depression, Professor Mayberg gave each person one of two types of treatment: cognitive behavioral therapy, a form of psychotherapy that trains people to view their feelings in more positive terms, or an antidepressant medication.However, the studies have been so small and heterogeneous that meta-analyses have failed to prove any conclusive effects, and long-term risks have not been established. "If it was overgrowth, you'd expect them to be different from the start, but because the synapse difference comes on so late, it's probably pruning." Dr.
Sulzer's team also found biomarkers and proteins in the brains with autism that reflected malfunctions in the system of clearing out old and degraded cells, a process called autophagy.Other forms of psychotherapy have been slower to move in this direction, in part because a number of psychotherapists believed that human behavior is too difficult to study in scientific terms.” (Erik Kandel on “The New Science of Mind”) (9-11-13) 294.President Obama’s Ten Year Initiative for Brain Research ”The Obama administration is planning a decade-long scientific effort to examine the workings of the human brain and build a comprehensive map of its activity, seeking to do for the brain what the Human Genome Project did for genetics.” “Story C.The brain is the last frontier in medicine, uncharted territory that commands the attention of any true explorer. approval, although a few hospitals, including Beth Israel, in New York, and Beth Israel Deaconess, in Boston, have used it to treat chronic pain and depression." "Electrified: Adventures in Transcranial Direct-current Stimulation," New Yorker, April 6, 2015, pp.24-41.To read more about health-related topics on the Global Province, also see Stitch in Time. Transcranial Direct-Current Brain Stimulation "This was my first experience of transcranial direct-current stimulation, or t DCS—a portable, cheap, low-tech procedure that involves sending a low electric current (up to two milliamps) to the brain. A number of studies suggest that it may improve learning, vigilance, intelligence, and working memory, as well as relieve chronic pain and the symptoms of depression, fibromyalgia, Parkinson's, and schizophrenia. Finally electric shock therapy is turning respectable. Autism: Too Many Synapses "Study Finds That Brains with Autism Fail to Trim Synapses as They Develop." "The study, published Thursday in the journal Neuron, involved tissue from the brains of children and adolescents who had died from ages 2 to 20. "More is not better when it comes to synapses, for sure, and pruning is absolutely essential," said Lisa Boulanger, a molecular biologist at Princeton who was not involved in the research.One is Area 25 (the subcallosal cingulate region), which mediates our unconscious and motor responses to emotional stress; the other is the right anterior insula, a region where self-awareness and interpersonal experience come together.