This study measured unwanted sexual pressures and physical abuse within relationships.The study also had questions about other indicators of relationship characteristics to better understand patterns and consequences of abuse.
Victimization and perpetration of relationship abuse were associated with self-reports of poor physical health and more concerns about health.
Perpetration and victimization of relationship abuse were related to depressive symptoms and anxiety, equally for both males and females.
After conducting in-depth interviews with a subset of participants, researchers identified several key factors involved in stopping abusive behaviors: a shift in the acceptance of violence, improving communication styles, and actively addressing problematic behaviors.
Dating violence in adolescence is associated with many negative physical and mental health outcomes, and this study showed that these negative outcomes are present in young adulthood.
Nearly 1 in 5 felt unwanted sexual pressures at some point within their romantic relationship.
Both perpetration and victimization peak around age 20 and then gradually decline through age 28.
Peggy Giordano “Understanding Teen Dating Violence.”) The researchers also examined the frequency of relationship violence incidents across the waves of data.
Overall, those who experienced relationship violence in adolescence reported more episodes of relationship violence.
In general, as youths developed higher quality relationships during the transition to adulthood, they moved away from abusive behaviors.
In other words, as trust, intimacy, and commitment increased, the occurrences of relationship abuse decreased.
First, relationship abuse peaks in young adulthood.