The international section, with Lyon Turin Ferroviaire (LTF), an Italo-French company in charge, would connect St Jean de Maurienne, France, with San Didero, Italy (Figure 3) through two main tunnels of 52 and 12 km in length (Figure 4).
The Italian section, under the control of the Italian railway network company Rete Ferroviaria Italiana (RFI) will be 43 km long passing through the Garvio – Musinè tunnels, respectively 12 and 21km long, with service access points at Condove, Caprie and Almese.
Since World War II its economy has shifted from agriculture to industry, mainly steel, services and trade.
The train will pass through the Susa Valley, via various tunnels, the longest one extending over 50km, to connect St.Jean-de-Maurienne (France) to Venaus (Italy), making it the main tunnel to cross the Alps.The TAV will then reach Turin via trenches and viaducts (Allasio, 2006).Figure 2: the 3 sections of the main project for TAV Turin-Lyon, (Appiotti, Marcincioni, 2009)Figure 3: TAV line from Venaus to Turin, the Italian part in red; the international part in blue, the existing line in black, and the Susa valley municipalities (Leonardi, 2007).As background to the TAV project, this paper presents a brief description of the infrastructure plan and its evolution through the years.
The roles of various actors and their arguments are then examined to better understand the context and dynamics of the conflict, and to identify the influence of values regarding health, environment and ecology, safety, speed, cost, territory, transport, economy and quality of The high-speed line is divided into 3 segments (Figure 2): The French one managed by Réseau Ferré de France (RFF) would go from Lyon to St Jean de Maurienne.
The Susa Valley, situated between Maurienne, France and Turin, Italy, has been urbanised by the economic development of the region.
The area is scarred by infrastructure like the Frejus highway, an international railway, and numerous dams, tunnels and industries.
This case study explores the motives and rationale of the main actors, highlighting the role of power relations and an underlying clash of ideologies, and suggesting how tools and concepts of ecological economics might be applied to support alternative proposals from civil society.
Keywords: Transport and energy, Material Flows, Participatory democracy, Cost Benefit Analysis, Multi Criteria Evaluation, High speed, NIMBY (Not In My Back Yard), activist knowledgetop The early 1990s saw the development of high speed train lines (Treno Alta Velocita, or TAV) across Italy as massive sums of public money were invested in order to provide the country with a railway network that could compete at the European level.
Figure 1: Location of the crossing of the TAV Turin-Lyon between France and Italy The Susa Valley, between the French area of Maurienne and Turin in Italy, is a highly urbanized area.